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“互联网专利第一案”搜狗大败告终 赔了夫人又折兵

2018-4-12 16:35| 发布者: admin| 查看: 3250| 评论: 8|来自: 今日头条

近日,北京知识产权法院对搜狗等诉“百度输入法”专利六起专利侵权案件作出一审判决。针对“中文词库更新系统及方法”,“网络资源地址输入的方法和输入法系统”,“在中文输入法中恢复候选词顺序的方法及系统”的最后三案,最终判决称,百度输入法不落入专利权保护范围,未构成侵权,判决驳回原告的诉讼请求。

这一系列案件曾被外界定义为“互联网专利第一案”——2015年10月起,搜狗等分别在北京知识产权法院、上海知识产权法院和上海市高级人民法院提出诉讼请求,诉百度旗下“百度输入法”侵犯其17项专利,诉讼标总额高达2.6亿元。

而随着近日北京知识产权法院对最后三案的宣判,意味着互联网专利第一案告一段落。回顾长达2年过的诉讼过程,搜狗的17项输入法专利中有有11项专利被宣告全部无效或部分无效;搜狗发起的14场诉讼中,4场败诉,10场由于失去专利权被迫撤诉,可谓是“赔了夫人又折兵”。

“互联网专利第一案”搜狗大败告终 赔了夫人又折兵

此次未能赢得诉讼大胜,对于搜狗来说,除了颇感颜面无光,更为重要的是对搜狗本身业务的直接影响。

众所周知,搜狗当年提出“输入法、浏览器、搜索”的三级火箭模式,浏览器和搜索两块业务一直无法成为搜狗的王牌产品,多年以来搜狗只能靠输入法强撑。即使输入法带来的局限很明显——无法为公司带来较大营收贡献,但其可观的市场份额还是能让搜狗在江湖上保持一定的知名度。

同时,输入法对于搜狗来说,还是讲故事的好载体。去年,搜狗远赴美国IPO,靠的就是“高举人工智能”的噱头。搜狗的人工智能将应用到哪里?答案直指搜狗输入法。比如众所周知的语音输入,到借势直播答题里的答题助手插件等植入,虽然结局并不美好。

2007年谷歌拼音输入法曾因盗用搜狗输入法的词库数据,公开向搜狗道歉,让搜狗站稳了输入法的头把交椅;但在十多年后的今天,搜狗起诉百度输入法侵权,却得来“诸多专利失效或不被承认”的结局——这对搜狗的品牌形象和未来如何给美国华尔街投资人讲好故事,将带来不可逆的打击。

然而,搜狗输入法败诉对于搜狗来说,或许还只是“多事之春”的开头。多年来搜狗靠劫持用户流量等不正当竞争行为,也开始要面对来自竞争对手的反击。

4月11日,据消息人士透露,神马搜索起诉搜狗公司非法劫持流量案将于本月在海淀法院开庭。

神马搜索方面诉称,搜狗通过搜狗输入法的候选词功能使本属于神马搜索的流量导向搜狗搜索,请求判令赔偿损失102,490,175.74元。另外,在此次诉讼中,神马搜索向法院提供了被劫持流量数据18.97亿。这被媒体认为是“国内首例举证流量损失的案件”。

这一官司最终走势如何?或许可以从2005年百度起诉搜狗的同性质案件中一窥端倪。

用户在百度搜索引擎中使用搜狗输入法输入文字,搜狗输入法输入框自动以下拉提示词的形式出现搜索候选,点击任一搜索候选词,则进入搜狗搜索结果页面——这一举动在2014年8月被百度诉至法庭。而之后法院也作出相关判决,判定搜狗这一行为属于不正当竞争,并判定搜狗立即停止相关行为、道歉,并赔偿百度经济损失及合理支出共20万元。

流量是搜狗的营收基础,然而其流量构成却极不健康。据搜狗IPO招股书显示,其自有产品贡献流量仅为21%,腾讯生态及手机厂商合作预装近80%。

据业内人士分析,腾讯生态系贡献的流量可靠性不强,手机厂商合作方面又有百度从后方抄入,而此次神马搜索起诉搜狗劫持流量正是归属于其自有产品的贡献部分。这意味着,搜狗公司的营收之本——流量正面临前所未有的危机。

潜藏的营收危机、输入法专利创新缺失又带来品牌质疑,2018年的春天,搜狗确实难捱。


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