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生态助力,应用先行,民族科技才能真正实现突破

2018-11-29 17:13| 发布者: steven| 查看: 2045| 评论: 220

  这两天,比特币价格持续暴跌,跌破了3500美元大关,刷新了去年9月以来的新低,矿机和挖矿的生意彻底破灭了。于是,有不明真相的人喊口号:区块链的泡沫要破灭了。其实恰恰相反,比特币等数字代币时代的结束,可能预示着区块链技术应用的新时代真正到来了。而且,在区块链这个版图上,很有可能孕育出代表民族科技的核心技术出来。

  为什么说区块链领域有核心技术上突破的可能性呢?因为应用一旦大规模展开,技术和专利便随之而来。过去,我们在芯片、系统等关键领域也投入了很多的资源和资金,但始终没有开花结果,问题就卡在应用这一道关卡上。如果不能充分降低技术应用的门槛,加快推进技术在各个行业、场景中的落地,可能就谈不上民族科技的复兴和崛起。

  近日,中国工程院倪光南院士在公开演讲中也提到过,民族科技的崛起一定要找到一个新的突破口。过去,扛着民族科技大旗的企业,投入巨大的人力、资源和资金,也很难形成规模并最终落地。这可能并不是技术先进性与否的问题,而是打法的问题。技术究竟如何落地生根,这才是根本。其中,开源是一个方式,开源的目的同样是为了加快应用。开源的区块链底层技术平台FISCO BCOS,或是开源的芯片技术平台,都有很大的机会。

  生态助力,加速核心技术落地

  事实证明,民族科技不能高高在上,不能只喊口号,一味地追逐技术或指标上的领先,一定要与市场需求和场景紧密结合在一起,形成产业链的协同生态体系。因为只有健全的生态,才能加速推进应用落地。而纵观全球领先的技术,大都有自己同盟军和势力范围。

  倪光南院士的观点很值得借鉴,他提出了生态和应用的大格局观。拿芯片来说,芯片产业链很长,中国的芯片设计企业数量位居世界第一,但在芯片制造、设计工具、装备和材料上较为落后,装备国产化不足20%,很多材料全部依赖进口。没有生态体系的支持,技术和产业化方面,是不可能一蹴而就的。

  一个典型的例子,微软和英特尔为什么能持续把控PC电脑产业,就是因为以芯片、OS两极为核心,构建了上下游的开发、应用的生态环境,进而形成了盘根错节的复杂链条。在这个系统里,支持的厂商越多,你就越来越逃脱不了这个“生态场”,迁移的成本会越高。

  换句话说,生态就是“磁力场“,一旦形成,会成为核心技术的护城河。对此,中国电子技术标准化研究院软件工程与评估中心主任周平也认为,民族科技要搭建中国自有知识产权的底层开发平台,以开放姿态,让更多开发者、企业参与到平台协作中来,才能让中国企业真正拥有主导权。因为任何技术上的对抗绝不是单一技术的较量,而是生态与生态间的掰手腕。好的生态是放大器,也是黏合剂,能够显著放大产业链的应用广度和深度。

  对于尚处于全球前沿领域的区块链、物联网、人工智能等新一代信息技术来说,更要未雨绸缪,在生态构建上先行一步。

  前中国银行行长、中国互联网金融协会区块链工作组组长李礼辉指出:“以区块链技术为代表的金融科技的兴起有可能改变传统金融的业态,但不改变金融的本质,可持续的金融科技发展应该源于创新。”创新能为技术发展提供动力,突破发展瓶颈,帮助推动一个良性的技术生态系统落地。

  而如何寻求突破,实现技术的可持续发展呢?不同的企业各有自己不同的方式,区块链底层技术开源平台FISCO BCOS,走了一条以底层技术开源平台构建生态的创新型道路,在技术层面实现突破。它从底层技术入手,形成开放的开发框架和体系,让更多开发者和行业应用服务企业加入进来。蚂蚁金服区块链则通过技术的不断探索升级,一步步打造有自主产权的金融级及经济级区块链底层平台,实现真正有价值的区块链应用。

  不管是FISCO BCOS 还是蚂蚁金服,都尝试通过不同的方式去构建一个独立自主的生态场,实现技术的可持续发展。所以说,民族科技要想摆脱单一的核心技术范畴,真正成长起来并拥有全产业链的话语权,一定要学会构建生态。只有形成生态,才能加速推进应用快速落地,孵化出真正自主可控的健康、良性产业链。

  应用先行,民族科技突破需有道

  当然,有了生态的支持,并不意味着就可以真正扛起民族科技的大旗了,因为大量的应用验证和持续的迭代优化,才是提升技术成熟度的关键所在。哪怕是技术专利上的积淀,也需要在持续的应用和实践中沉淀出来。

  说白了,民族科技要接地气,完善生态系统是“横向“的打法,而应用实践则是“纵向“的推进,纵横交错才能让民族科技有希望突出重围。

  拿区块链技术来说,目前区块链底层技术尚未完全成熟,基础设施没有全面完善,企业无法快速地将生产力投入到基于区块链技术的各种业务场景中。就区块链本身而言,全球主要国家都是在鼓励创新和探索应用。如果说有监管,那应该说的是对应用的监管。我们国家对区块链技术的应用框定了边界,在中国人民银行发布的《区块链能做什么、不能做什么?》工作论文中明确指出区块链技术的应用范畴与理念,提出应在持续研究和试验的基础上,理性评估区块链能做什么,不能做什么。

  区块链技术最大的机会还是在应用上,周平认为,“谁先在应用上取得突破,谁就会占据主动。在区块链应用探索的规模上,我国是走在前列的。”许多行业都在引入区块链,许多资本进来推动探索,区块链已经从金融行业向其它行业快速渗透,只有更多的技术落地与应用,才能真正发挥区块链技术服务商业社会的现实价值。

  而区块链技术也在多个领域得到有效运用,微众银行基于FISCO BCOS的联合贷款备付金管理的成功运作,平安、银联、迅雷等各个巨头及中小企业,也都在潜心打造各个行业的区块链应用,不断探寻区块链技术落地的无限可能。

  民族科技的突破要换一个新的视角,以生态和应用实践为突破口,才能有机会孵化出民族科技的集大成者,也只有国内企业相互协作,以产业链协同为己任,共同在核心技术、行业应用上形成合力,才能让民族科技真正走向复兴,真正让产业实现崛起。


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