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自动驾驶“网红老司机”——谷歌Waymo网约车大揭秘

2018-12-17 13:46| 发布者: steven| 查看: 2063| 评论: 230

这一次,“钢铁侠”哭了

美国凤凰城,头顶圆形传感器的白色克莱斯勒 大捷龙Pacifica混动车格外引人注目。车内无人驾驶却平稳前进,前排座椅的靠背上有一块触屏显示器,屏幕上显示着目的地、地理位置等行程信息,还写着:「你好,Waymo 乘客。」

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这不是某个科幻电影的场景,而是 Alphabet 旗下自动驾驶子公司 Waymo 的自动驾驶汽车——12月5日,估值高达1750亿美金的全球独角兽公司谷歌旗下Waymo 正式发布了全球首个商业化自动驾驶网约车服务「Waymo One」。在历时十年的技术研发、百亿公里的虚拟驾驶和超过千万公里的路测之后,Waymo 和新兴的自动驾驶行业,终于迎来了这一具有里程碑意义的时刻。

2.jpg 

乘坐waymo网约车初体验:稳如老司机

根据Waymo此前的声明,目前Waymo One服务的区域是美国加州的凤凰城四周的四个郊区,包括了Chandler、Mesa、Tempe和Gilbert,服务面积大约是100万平方英里(比半个北京朝阳区面积大一点,就是著名的“朝阳群众”那个区)。尽管[Waymo One]服务的区域还是之前实验运营的区域,无论道路、天气还是交通情况都最为熟悉,但作为全球首个自动驾驶服务商业应用项目,Waymo迈出的一小步,却是自动驾驶领域的一大步。人们更关心:乘坐Waymo到底是一种怎样的体验?

事实上,早在Waymo One发布前,在亚利桑那州,已经有一批乐于尝鲜的幸运儿,成为了Waymo自动驾驶汽车的第一批乘客。

Jackson一家自愿成为了Waymo在凤凰城地区早期乘客计划的一份子。当她做好出门准备后,女儿Kyla会通过手机上的Waymo App呼叫一辆自动驾驶汽车。打开App,开放定位,输入目的地,App将会预估出行程的距离和乘车费用,Waymo One看起来几乎就是一款“无人版”的Uber。

3.jpg 

五分钟后,一辆由自动驾驶程序驱动的克莱斯勒Pacifica汽车停在了她的家门口——该车由谷歌的母公司Alphabet研发。

4.jpg 

她打开车门,系好安全带,然后轻摁头顶上方的一个蓝色按钮,汽车便随之启动。这辆装满“傻傻的”摄像头的面包车,是她学校里最酷的一辆车。

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如今,Jackson一家几乎已经不用自家汽车了,他们选择乘Waymo前往方圆100平方英里测试区域内的地点,比如杂货店、电影院、火车站等等。

“感觉与乘坐一个由细心驾驶员驾驶的汽车一模一样,Kyla就像一个有着私人司机的明星”,Kyla的妈妈Samantha Jackson说。自动驾驶出租车的存在更是让这个17岁的女孩抛却了美国人一大传统的“仪式”——获得自己的驾照。

6.jpg 

Waymo强势领跑,哪些“黑科技“功不可没?

作为新一波自动驾驶技术研发热潮的鼻祖,谷歌Waymo用实力自证了其技术的强势。

如果把视角迁移到waymo自动驾驶车内,你会发现车内前椅背后安装的屏幕给乘客一个时髦的、游戏一般的体验来查看汽车的视角:用图案表示的附近车辆沿着深蓝色的虚拟道路行驶;每五秒左右,大量白点在屏幕上闪出,展示出令人惊叹的细节路况——行人、植物、路标等等。

Waymo近来技术方面提升的很大一点,在于能够让车辆通过实际驾驶行动来向其他车辆传递意图。比如说,在一个大型交叉路口左转时,在进入弯道前,Waymo便打开车灯并提前缓慢移动车身。

7.jpg 

而曾经,当两辆自动驾驶汽车相向而遇时,往往会因为过分地谦让而停滞:“您先请。不,您先请”。Waymo的驾驶方案当然是保守的,但这绝不意味着过去一般的“胆小”。

8.jpg 

而这种变化,源于waymo在自动驾驶领域坚持“软硬件一体化“的策略。Waymo所有的传感器(激光雷达、视觉处理系统、雷达)与自动驾驶的‘大脑’紧密结合,专为waymo的软件而设计。这种高度集成化的系统使得Way激光雷达是公认的自动驾驶汽车中最强大的传感器之一。它可以区分真实移动中的行人和人物海报、在三维立体的空间中建模、检测静态物体、精确测距。Waymo的Pacifica自动驾驶旅行车上配备了三款不同用途的激光雷达,使得该车型可以检测到更多的物体,以更高分辨率完成对周遭环境的建模。

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而在具体的合作车型选择上,早在2016年waymo就与FCA集团合作,为共计100辆进口克莱斯勒大捷龙混动版车型集成了来自谷歌的自动驾驶软硬件解决方案。因其”绿色而强大的性能“,2018年6月,waymo更明确将在未来3年采购多达62000台进口大捷龙混动版,以进一步深化自动驾驶计划。

作为美国凤凰城居民,能够优先体验waymo全球领先的自动驾驶网约车的确令人艳羡,但对中国消费者来说却也有一个好消息:现在,作为全球首批自动驾驶网约车合作车型——进口大捷龙混动版已经来到中国消费者身边。这款连waymo都抢购的大捷龙混动版,一经上市便C位出道,其搭载的全球顶尖混动科技、宽敞体面超大空间、豪华舒适越级配置,令其被业内唤作“MPV界的特斯拉“,一举拿下包括上海、广州在内的26城新能源牌照,更在刚刚结束的中国首届进口博览会上凭借绿色环保、安全智能的卓越实力成为“明星车型”,被专业人士誉为“史上最安全省油的7座MPV”。一部”黑科技“满满的进口新能源豪华7座MPV, 50万级一”部”到位满足中产阶层需求,年末购车还有3年0利率等优惠政策,逢年过节面子里子齐备,你是否心动? 


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