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解疫情燃煤之急的远程教育 不应成“万朋教育”的窥私工具

2020-2-10 14:42| 发布者: admin| 查看: 2683| 评论: 240|来自: 搜狐

时下中小学生对于网课一定并不陌生。受此次疫情影响,国内很多中小学都采用了网上授课的方式,保障停课不停学。不过最近网上流传着这样的两张截图,看完不禁令人唏嘘:越来越多的企业盯上了网课这个契机,但个别企业的胡作为、乱作为也让本该平静的网上授课变得鱼龙混杂起来。

这是一张教师端的监控画面,图中明晰的显示当前“被监控630人,不认真81人。在不认真听课的人中,赫然监测到有人在自己的电脑上观看不雅视频。

第二张截图是一张学校发给某位家长的短信截图,短信明确指出”在监管过程中发现,极少数孩子在上课时间边上课边上网做其他事,甚至观看黄色视频“,建议家长不要让孩子在个人私密空间听课。很显然,这款提供网上授课服务的产品给教师端开设了“不受制约”的远程权限,教师可以在远程随意查看学生个人电脑端的操作。那么,这样明目张胆侵犯用户隐私的,究竟是哪个网课APP呢。

经小编多方对比发现,该产品相关的网传截图页面与课后网官网页面完全一致,而生产这款产品的“浙江万朋教育科技股份有限公司”还标榜称“让学生变卓越,让教育更公平”,不禁令人唏嘘。

 

 

那么,课后网和它背后的“浙江万朋教育科技股份有限公司”究竟是采取了怎样的操作,赋予教师端这无限大的权限呢?近日,《电脑报》的一篇《这两款软件让上网课的学生都慌了,所作所为全被监控?》报道中有更为详尽的解释。

原来,课后网APP在安装的过程中,就获取了摄像机的权限,此后教师端可以在不告知学生的情况下强制开启对方的摄像头,远程查看学生的一举一动。

对此课后网并不讳言,在公告中,课后网明确承认:当学生关闭自己的摄像头和麦克风时,老师可以通过直播平台的强制打开功能,令其恢复到正常课堂状态。

此处的症结便在于用户安装APP时授予的权限。可能有人会问,如果我在安装这款APP的时候就关闭摄像机和麦克风的权限,那情况会不会好一些呢?答案是否定的。有网友投稿称,在 Mac 上使用课后网发现该软件会锁住用户的桌面,并在手机(安卓)上不停地给用户发送同意使用摄像头和录音的权限,也就是强制弹出窗口,直到用户同意授权为止。亦即,用户不放权,就没办法正常使用这款APP,这多少有些霸王条款的意味。

而且,这款APP并没有履行提前告知提醒用户的职责。也就是说,教师在远程悄悄打开学生摄像头的时候,学生端收不到任何提示,学生完全不会察觉。这真是一件细思极恐的事情。倘使个别人利用这款软件的教师端,随意远程查看正值青春期的中小学生的一举一动,非但侵犯学生个人隐私,更可能导致学生家庭的隐私信息遭遇泄露。

201911月,工信部启动了App侵害用户权益专项整治工作,重点针对违规收集个人信息、违规使用个人信息、不合理索取用户权限等问题开展规范整治工作。很显然,课后网APP的做法已经涉嫌违规。

诚然,作为一款远程教学类APP,课后网在疫情这样的特殊时期,确实有助于保障正常教学工作的开展。不过,这款APP的开发方为教师端开设了无限大的权利,将广大中小学生置于明显的弱势一方。倘使这款软件不幸沦为某些人窥探私域的工具,这恐怕是与助学的初衷相悖的。在此我们呼吁那些提供网络课程服务的企业,除了保障课程内容这些基础的功能之外,也应充分考虑广大青少年的身心健康,充分考虑青少年的正当隐私权益,不要因为自身的不合理的功能,让青少年的心灵蒙尘。



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