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“三高”族慎做颈椎按摩 或造成瘫痪等严重后果

2015-9-28 19:19| 发布者: 776| 查看: 9082| 评论: 22|原作者: 776

  习惯了成天低头刷手机,越来越多的市民开始被颈痛困扰,由此逐渐关注和喜欢上按摩这种舒适、疗效显著的治疗方法,各种保健按摩店也应运而生。但并非人人适合按摩,医生提醒,高血压、高血糖、高血脂的“三高”人群不适合颈椎按摩。
  中山大学孙逸仙纪念医院康复科副主任伍少玲介绍,“三高”人群大多不太喜欢运动,或者有嗜烟、嗜酒、熬夜等不良的生活习惯,所以颈痛也喜欢这类人。颈内动脉是一条非常重要的血管,脑组织所需的全部血供都需通过颈部血管来运输。有研究显示,“三高”可明显引起动脉弹性、顺应性下降,僵硬度增加,还可破坏血管壁,是引起动脉粥样硬化、斑块最常见的危险因素。
  医生强调,如果颈内动脉存在动脉粥样硬化或钙化,按摩时手法不当,很容易引起硬化斑块脱落,随血液进入颅内,堵塞颅内血管,引发脑梗塞。“三高”还是冠心病的重要危险因素,按摩时力度掌握不当也有可能引起心脏病。如果血压特别高,按摩时引起的剧烈疼痛可使血压急剧升高而导致脑出血。此外,中老年“三高”者常伴有骨质疏松,骨质变脆,不恰当按摩手法及暴力操作有可能造成颈部脊髓、神经或者血管损伤,可造成瘫痪等严重后果。
  因此,伍少玲建议,“三高”人群在没有发生颈部不适时,尽量不要到非专业机构按摩放松。如果出现颈部不适,一定要选择正规专业的医疗机构进行检查和治疗,在医生检查排除风险后,再由专业的按摩师进行按摩治疗。
  伍少玲表示,为了预防和减轻颈椎疾病,“三高”人群最好经常活动颈部,有条件的可在医生指导下做颈部活动度和颈肌抗阻训练。平日还要通过科学锻炼来预防和治疗颈痛,并到医院专科就诊,口服药物控制血压、血糖和血脂。医生还特别提醒中老年人,不要快速、剧烈地活动颈部,少做猛甩头等动作。
  工作时间久或闲暇时,可将头缓慢地向前、后、左、右四个方向做“米”字运动。
  一起来学护颈操
  要领:锻炼时最好坐在有靠背的椅子上,保持身子直立,双臂自然下垂,双手抓住椅子边缘。
  动作1
  缓慢地向前点头,做类似于用下颌去碰胸部的动作,在伸展的最大位置保持5秒,再回到直立位。如此重复5次。
  动作2
  头向后仰,在伸展的最大位置保持5秒,再回到直立位。如此重复5次。
  动作3
  头向左边偏,做用耳朵去碰左边肩膀的动作,在伸展的最大位置保持5秒,回到直立位。如此重复5次。以此类推,做右侧动作5次。
  动作4
  缓慢转头,先顺时针后逆时针,各重复五次。信息时报讯 (记者 张秀丽 通讯员 王海芳)

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