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一家三口相继患癌 医生推测原因是长期吃剩饭菜

2015-9-28 19:24| 发布者: steven| 查看: 8775| 评论: 26|原作者: steven


  扬州一家三口从去年下半年起,相继被查出癌症,收治他们的医院专家分析认为,病因与全家人长期吃剩菜剩饭和霉变食物有关。昨天,扬子晚报记者走访了这一家三口所在的社区和收治他们的医院,进行了多方采访。
  通讯员 朱海容 扬子晚报全媒体记者 陈咏
  社区
  这家人经常吃剩饭菜
  邻居劝也没用
  今年56岁的戴师傅家住扬州市广陵区文峰街道宝塔社区,不幸的是,去年刚从扬州柴油机厂病退回家,就被扬州苏北医院查出了胃癌。戴师傅难以接受的是,他80岁的老母亲和57岁的妻子唐女士,也于今年相继被查出肠癌和胃癌,两人都在苏北医院接受了治疗。苏北医院医生判断,这一家三口的病因,肯定与全家人长期吃剩菜剩饭以及霉变食物有关。
  文峰街道宝塔社区张顺惠主任告诉扬子晚报记者,戴师傅一家经济条件不太好,全家人省吃俭用,吃饭吃菜精打细算,一点也不敢“浪费”。去年下半年,戴师傅被诊断患上胃癌,随后去医院做了相关的手术。自己年龄还不算大,虽说身体不太好,但还能干力所能及的工作,他本想再辛苦几年,挣点钱,减轻家里的经济负担,可今年年初,他的母亲也查出患上了肠癌。而就在上个月,他做梦也没有想到,妻子也被确诊患了胃癌。一家人的不幸遭遇,让戴师傅愁眉紧锁。
  张顺惠主任介绍,为啥一家人相继查出癌症?自己在社区工作15年了,对包括戴师傅在内的居民都比较了解,根据自己的观察和邻居们的反映,戴师傅家经常吃剩饭剩菜,甚至吃霉变的食物和有点烂了的东西,从来不舍得扔掉食物,即使有的蔬果坏了,也会将坏的部分切掉后接着吃。社区居民住在一起的时间久了,有了感情,也有不少好邻居劝老戴不要这样,但节俭惯了的他答应归答应,还是我行我素。一家三口人都被查出癌症,大家都认为和这个生活习惯有很大的关系。
  医生
  剩饭菜里亚硝酸盐多
  常吃癌变几率要高很多
  扬州苏北医院中医科潘璠医师对戴师傅一家三口的情况比较了解,他还曾经去宝塔社区开过讲座,跟居民讲最好不要吃剩饭剩菜等生活常识和卫生防病知识。他认为,丈夫、妻子以及老母亲都相继患上消化道癌症,与家庭长期的饮食习惯有关。因为从常识上讲,隔夜菜和霉变腐烂的食物里亚硝酸盐含量较高,长期食用,亚硝酸盐就会在身体里日积月累,积累到一定程度,就会诱发消化道癌症。生活中,很多过惯了节俭日子的老人或者家庭经济条件不太好的人,不舍得扔掉倒掉坏掉的食物,即使不太好也要吃掉,长此以往,这部分人癌变的几率要比普通人高得多。
  潘璠医师告诉记者,有的“习惯”吃剩饭剩菜、隔夜菜的人认为,自己再重烧一下,不就杀死细菌和病毒了吗?其实不然,因为这些饭菜中的有毒有害物质是耐高温的,即使烧得再开,也不能从根本上解决问题。潘璠说,还有人认为,夏季温度高,食物容易变质,冬天应该没啥问题。这也是不对的,虽然气温低暂时不会腐败变质,但亚硝酸盐含量仍会增加。一些高蛋白高脂肪的剩菜,更是吃不得。空气中的有害细菌会在2个小时内附着在剩菜上开始繁殖,产生硫化氢、胺、酚等有害物质。他还提出,如今很多人的癌症都是“吃”出来的。除了霉变食物、隔夜饭菜容易诱发癌症外,很多年轻人喜欢吃煎炸、烧烤的食物,尤其是路边摊的煎炸、烧烤食物,认为“味美价廉”,其实经常吃的话,也有致癌的风险。他认为,很多疾病都是可控的,良好的生活习惯可以将患癌的风险降到最低。
  浙大曾有个实验
  24小时之后,冰箱里荤菜蔬菜亚硝酸盐都超标
  荤菜超标比蔬菜更严重
  为了测隔夜菜亚硝酸盐的含量,浙江大学实验小组请杭州一家知名中高档连锁餐厅的厨师烧了4个菜:炒青菜、韭菜炒蛋、红烧肉和红烧鲫鱼。4个菜烧好后,将样本都放进实验室冰箱,在4℃下冷藏,这个温度也是普通家用冰箱设置的温度。
  放置6小时
  红烧肉亚硝酸盐含量率先超标
  出锅后半小时,炒青菜、韭菜炒蛋、红烧肉这三个菜的检测结果是,亚硝酸盐含量都没有超过我国《食品中污染物限量标准》的最高限值。但红烧肉中亚硝酸盐含量比韭菜炒蛋和炒青菜要高。
  对此实验人员说,肉类菜肴一般比蔬菜类加入更多的调味料,调味料中本身就含有硝酸盐,这些硝酸盐被微生物转化为亚硝酸盐,就导致了红烧肉中亚硝酸盐含量较高。
  6小时后,实验人员对这些菜肴的亚硝酸盐含量进行了测定,结果发现,6小时后剩菜中亚硝酸盐含量都有所增加,炒青菜增加了16%,韭菜炒蛋增加了6%,红烧肉增加了70%,其中,红烧肉中亚硝酸盐含量已超过了国家《食品中污染物限量标准》中“肉类3mg/kg”的限量标准。
  放置18小时
  炒青菜中亚硝酸盐含量增幅非常大
  18小时后,实验人员又从冰箱中拿出贴有“18小时”标签的4个菜,用微波炉加热后作检测。检测结果发现,炒青菜中亚硝酸盐含量增幅非常大,比6小时增加了443%,红烧鲫鱼增加54%,韭菜炒蛋增加47%,红烧肉中亚硝酸盐含量变化不大。
  从这实验看出,隔夜菜放到第二天中午,炒青菜、红烧肉、红烧鲫鱼亚硝酸盐含量都超过了国家标准。
  放置24小时
  4个菜肴全部超标
  距离4个菜烧好的时间差不多过去24小时后,实验人员从冰箱中拿出最后一批贴有“24小时”标签的4个菜肴,同样用微波炉加热后作检测。检测结果发现,跟18小时相比,4个菜肴亚硝酸盐含量继续大幅增加,且全超过了《食品中污染物限量标准》的限量标准。
  实验人员说,24小时后,微生物分解了大量蛋白质化合物,促使硝酸盐转化为亚硝酸盐。 本报综合
  ■焦点问题
  食堂的剩菜安全吗?
  不少网友有疑问:在单位食堂也经常吃剩饭剩菜,这会影响健康吗?
  “隔顿菜”一般没问题
  苏北医院中医科潘璠医师告诉记者,绝大多数的单位食堂都有健全的安全卫生保护措施,菜品原料采购都会根据本单位员工的人数科学进行。做熟的菜隔夜供应的情况正常不会出现,一般会一顿卖完,即便中午吃不完,晚上继续供应,因为时间隔得不长,其亚硝酸盐含量对人体的影响也极小。
  潘璠表示,其实除了常规的隔夜菜之外,腌制品、烟熏制品隔夜菜更不能吃。另外,以黄豆为原料的酱和酱油也要小心,因为黄豆容易霉变。一般单位食堂采购酱和酱油都会去大型超市等正规场所,一些不良饭店会去小市场和小作坊,单位食堂比一些饭店更让人放心。
  “剩饭”怎么吃也有讲究
  记者请教专家了解到,没有变质的剩饭是可以加热后再吃的,但怎么吃,却大有讲究。米饭中所含的主要成分是淀粉,淀粉在加热到60℃以上时会逐渐膨胀,最终变成糊状,这个过程称为“糊化”。糊化的淀粉冷却后,会产生“老化”现象。人体对这种老化淀粉的水解和消化能力都大大降低。所以,长期食用重新加热的剩饭,容易发生消化不良甚至导致胃病。凡消化功能减退的老人、婴幼儿或体弱多病者以及患有胃肠疾病的人,最好不吃变冷后重新加热的米饭。
  剩饭的保存时间以不隔餐为宜,早剩午吃,午剩晚吃,尽量在5至6小时以内吃完。吃剩饭前,要彻底加热。

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